Share this Story Iraqi calligrapher translating proverbs and poems into Arabic calligraphy.
Bowl with Kufic Calligraphy10th century. Brooklyn Museum Kufic is the oldest form of the Arabic script. The style emphasizes rigid and angular strokes, which appears as a modified form of the old Nabataean script.
The Archaic Kufi consisted of about 17 letters without diacritic dots or accents. Afterwards, dots and accents were added to help readers with pronunciation, and the set of Arabic letters rose to Due to the lack of methods, the scripts in different regions and countries and even down to the individuals themselves have different ways to write in the script creatively, ranging from very square and rigid forms to flowery and decorative.
Decorative kufic inscriptions are often imitated into pseudo-kufics in Middle age and Renaissance Europe. Pseudo-kufics is especially common in Renaissance depictions of people from the Holy Land. The exact reason for the incorporation of pseudo-Kufic is unclear. The use of cursive script coexisted with kufic, but because in the early stages of their development they lacked discipline and elegance, cursive were usually used for informal purposes.
Ibn Muqla is highly regarded in Muslim sources on calligraphy as the inventor of the naskh style, although this seems to be erroneous. Thuluth is developed as a display script to decorate particular scriptural objects.
Letters have long vertical lines with broad spacing. The shape is simple with short strokes and little flourishes.
It was considered one of the most beautiful scripts, as well as one of the most difficult to execute. Muhaqqaq was commonly used during the Mameluke era, but the use become largely restricted to short phrases, such as the basmallahfrom the 18th century onward. With the spread of Islamthe Arabic script was established in a vast geographic area with many regions developing their own unique style.
From the 14th century onward, other cursive styles began to developed in Turkey, Persia, and China. Letters have short vertical strokes with broad and sweeping horizontal strokes.
The shapes are deep, hook-like, and have high contrast. Diwani is a cursive style of Arabic calligraphy developed during the reign of the early Ottoman Turks in the 16th and early 17th centuries.
Larger variations called djali are filled with dense decorations of dots and diacritical marks in the space between, giving it a compact appearance. Diwani is difficult to read and write due to its heavy stylization, and became ideal script for writing court documents as it ensured confidentiality and prevented forgery.
The shape is greatly influenced by Chinese calligraphyusing a horsehair brush instead of the standard reed pen. Traditionally, the term was charged with Sufi intellectual and esoteric meaning. In this theology, letters were seen as primordial signifiers and manipulators of the cosmos.
These artists successfully integrated Islamic visual traditions, especially calligraphy, into contemporary, indigenous compositions.
Few of the artists working in this field, had knowledge of each other, allowing for different manifestations of hurufiyyah to emerge in different regions.
Mural by artist, Sadequain Naqqash integrates calligraphy elements into a modern artwork Leading exponents of hurufiyyah art can be found in Jordan.Islamic calligraphy is the artistic practice of handwriting and calligraphy, based upon the alphabet in the lands sharing a common Islamic cultural heritage.
It includes Arabic Calligraphy, .
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"Islamic art, Allah, islamic architecture, arabic writing, Quran verse, islamic vectors, artistic calligraphy islamic, symbols illustrator islamic motifs, arabic motifs, islamic vector shapes, modern islamic artwork, beautiful islamic Calligraphy.
islamic religion". The foundation of Islamic calligraphy was laid down by the creative genius of three great calligraphers from Baghdad; the Vizier Ibn Muqla (–) of the Abbasid court, Ibn al-Bawwab, and Yakut al-Musta’simi of Amasya (d. ). Ibn Muqla established the principles of calligraphy.
Links to websites where you can download fonts for many different alphabet and writing systems. Hassan MASSOUDY was born in in Najef, South of Iraq. He grew up amid the scalding heat of the desert, in a traditional Iraqi society characterised by strong religious beliefs, a high sense of solidarity and a keenness for festive gatherings.