Disaster relief essay

How to Write a Summary of an Article? Disaster Relief Preparing for Disaster Materialization of Disaster Disasters can strike at anytime, and for the most part, happen without warning.

Disaster relief essay

If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. Disaster relief is the assistance provided to individuals, families, and communities to help them cope with disruptive, disorienting events.

These events can be caused by natural hazards, like hurricanes, earthquakes, wildfires, or tornadoes, or they can be triggered by humans, such as nuclear accidents, health epidemics, or terrorist attacks.

Thus, the scope of disaster assistance has expanded to encompass a wide variety of emergency situations. Disaster Relief Programs Governmental institutions play a key role in the development and implementation of disaster relief in contemporary societies.

Governmental involvement is necessary, because many disasters cannot be addressed through private efforts. As a result, most countries have created a set of policies and procedures to guide their governmental operations.

These policies identify when government will become involved and the types of assistance it will provide. In most nations, governmental disaster relief policies cover four primary Disaster relief essay Mitigation programs are designed to reduce the potential damages of a disaster.

These programs are undertaken before a disaster occurs, and they include such activities as building up coastal areas to better withstand storm surges and flooding, establishing stricter building codes in earthquake prone communities, and using immunization programs to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

Preparedness programs are also initiated in advance of a disaster, but they tend to focus more directly on ensuring that emergency management organizations are ready and able to respond to disasters. They also strive to inform individual citizens and prepare them for potential hazards.

Preparedness programs include the establishment of emergency operation plans, the activation of early warning and alarm systems, the development of public education programs, and the use of simulations Disaster relief essay exercises that replicate emergency situations.

Response programs are designed to address the immediate problems of disaster situations. The objectives of these programs are to save lives, minimize damage, and help facilitate the recovery efforts that will follow.

If possible, officials activate warning systems, issue evacuation orders, and set emergency response plans into motion even before a disaster strikes.

However, most response activities focus on those operations that take place after an event has occurred, for example, opening relief shelters, providing medical care and essential services, reestablishing power and communication systems, and clearing debris. Once the hazardous conditions have subsided, response activities often evolve into efforts to assess the extent of the damages and to initiate longer term relief.

Recovery programs are undertaken to restore communities to their prior conditions, or in some cases, to actually improve their situation. These include operations to help repair damaged property and provide more permanent housing as well as broader programs aimed at stimulating economic development.

Many recovery programs focus on helping individual citizens, but they can also provide assistance to entire neighborhoods, communities, and economic sectors. Models Of Disaster Assistance In the majority of nations, disaster relief is implemented in a fairly centralized manner, from the top down.

That is, the national or central government is primarily responsible for developing and administering emergency aid. This structure of disaster relief is most prevalent in unitary political systems like those of France, China, and Great Britain.

In federal systems with more decentralized governmental structures, the process operates quite differently.

Instead of a top-down pattern, disaster relief is supposed to work from the bottom up. Municipal and county governments are expected to be the first responders and deal with emergencies that occur within their jurisdictions.

If they are unable to handle the situation, they can ask for outside assistance from the state, provincial, or national governments.

But the basic assumption is that most disasters will be handled at the local level with little involvement by higher level jurisdictions.

This bottom up approach is evident in countries like the United States, Canada, and Australia. Commonalities Of Disaster Relief Systems Regardless of structural differences, there are similarities in the disaster relief policies of contemporary political systems.

Perhaps the most striking characteristic is the key role that governmental agencies play in this process. These organizations have a variety of different titles e.

Another trend is the change that has occurred in the focus of governmental activity. In most nations, disaster relief policies were initially construed to be quite reactive in nature; governments took action only after a disaster occurred, and their involvement was highly limited in scope and time.

Current governmental policies place much greater emphasis on proactive measures—such as preparing society and specific local communities for emergencies before they arise—and they cover a broad range of operations. Instead of creating a multitude of policies to deal with different types of disasters—for example, one for hurricanes or typhoons, another for earthquakes, still another for terrorist activity, and so on—nations develop a general set of procedures to cover any type of emergency situation.

This enables them to respond to a wide variety of situations in a more coordinated and effective manner. Problems And Prospects Of Disaster Relief Disaster relief is an important aspect of governmental activity in contemporary societies.

As the demands on governmental disaster relief systems have increased, so too have the problems with these systems.

Recent events—the Indian Ocean tsunami, the Hurricane Katrina disaster in the United States, and the Sichuan Chinese earthquake—demonstrated all too clearly the extreme difficulties that confront governmental disaster relief systems.

Models Of Disaster Assistance

All governments face the same challenges in this policy area: Facing Hazards and Disasters:Natural Disasters and Prevention essaysWe are at a time where our society is able to bring the full force of scientific and technological advances to reduce the number of human tragedy and economic losses due to natural disasters.

In order to distinguish the amount of help needed after a natural disaster the United Nations Disaster Relief.

Disaster relief essay

What is a Disaster? There is no particular definition for a Disaster. But we can define a disaster as a natural or manmade hazard resulting to physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the natural environment.

Disaster Response and Relief If being provided with a list from the Department of Homeland Securities of potential risk factors I would first look at these key issues and ways that I could improve the city’s chances of survival in a terrorist attack.

Disaster relief essay

Disaster Relief Preparing for Disaster Materialization of Disaster Disasters can strike at anytime, and for the most part, happen without warning. That is why is has become vital for health care organizations to prepare in advance for disasters.

Disaster Relief Preparing for Disaster Materialization of Disaster Disasters can strike at anytime, and for the most part, happen without warning. That is why is has become vital for health care organizations to prepare in advance for disasters.

What is a Disaster? There is no particular definition for a Disaster. But we can define a disaster as a natural or manmade hazard resulting to physical damage or destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the natural environment.

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