Written in essay style, a literature review Lit Review describes, classifies, and evaluates the sources of information published on a given topic.
Tips for writing your first scientific literature review article BY Emily Crawford Emily Crawford often retreated to her apartment rooftop in San Francisco to write her review.
Photo courtesy of Matthew Perry. When I undertook the task of writing a scientific literature review article last year, I had hoped that a Google search would reveal a handful of how-to pages thoughtfully created by veterans of this particular writing process.
I found nothing of the sort, so I plowed ahead on my own, inventing techniques for myself. I was running a protein over a nickel column on a Sunday evening in February when my adviser approached me about co-authoring a review article for Annual Review of Biochemistry.
That was fine with me — as a fifth-year graduate student, I had learned to cope with, and even prefer, extreme independence. To be honest, I was excited to have this opportunity to examine the literature in depth and to create something useful out of it.
Getting started Our topic was caspase substrates, a diverse group of proteins essential for programmed cell death and thus important to our understanding of how to kill cancer cells.
I would have to assess the limits imposed by the journal 30 pages, six months as well as my own limits and the necessity to balance the writing project with lab work that was essential to finishing my Ph.
Narrowing the scope of the article to conform to these boundaries was perhaps the biggest challenge of this process. Knowing that I work better when I focus on one project at a time, I spent the next two months carrying out all of my regular lab work while only pondering the review article and skimming the literature when I had time.
After that, I transitioned to full-time reading and writing. Afternoons I often spent writing at my apartment or at the library on campus.
I tried to reassure myself by remembering that I had been rather good at writing term papers in college; but this was a larger task and one with the potential for having an impact on someone, somewhere, sometime who wanted to learn about caspase substrates.
In the end, I finished by the deadline well, plus one two-week extension the editor agreed to grant me and was very happy with the product and with all I had learned about caspase substrates, about the scientific literature and about the review-writing process.
I hope the following tips will help other scientists who find themselves in this kind of uncharted territory. Distilling all sorts of data from experiments done by scientists all around the world into a coherent story turned out to be very satisfying.
I look forward to doing it again someday, perhaps in a somewhat more efficient manner. Define the scope of the article. Make an outline, keep lists of topics that are and are not within your scope, and remind yourself to stop any time your reading wanders outside your scope.
My adviser and I settled on devoting the first half of our article to a broad survey of a few key research topics for example, the physical details of the caspase-substrate interaction and devoting the second half to a few highly detailed vignettes about some of the hundreds of known caspase substrates.
Your labmates and collaborators are invaluable resources.
Be careful not to let this lead you too far astray.How to Write a Scholarly Book Review for Publication in a Peer-Reviewed Journal. A Review of the Literature. Alexander D.
Lee, DC, Bart N. Green, DC, the time lag of book review publication is an important issue affecting book reviews. For most academic works, the first year after publication is the period of greatest sales.
Writing a Literature Review Definition. A literature review is both a summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic as found in academic books and journal articles.
There are two kinds of literature reviews you might write at university: one that students are asked to write as a stand-alone assignment. Instructions for research Notes and Book Reviews Research notes are not full academic papers but are discussion notes, seeking to advance a new idea, theoretical perspective, research program, or methodological approach in organization studies.
A Lit Review is not just a list of books/articles. It’s a review of a collection of research published by accredited scholars and researchers that is relevant to a research question.
“Non-scholarly” sources, i.e., those you don’t want to reference, include but are not limited to magazines, newspapers, web sites, and non-published material.
The term article review is not always clear to students who are given this assignment. Sometimes even journalists ask for a clarification when they are asked to write an article review. The terms ‘article summary’ or ‘article critique’ are interchangeable for those seeking how to write an article review.
Book Review for Journal. Production Issues NACADA reviewers know the identities of those who write book reviews but the authors of the reviews do not know the identity of those commenting on their write-ups.
development of students. NACADA provides a forum for discussion, debate, and the exchange of ideas pertaining to academic .